ALCHEMILLE (Alchemilla vulgaris)
Where did he come from?
Considered a panacea for women, the alchemy or“Coat of Our Lady” has long been surrounded by popular beliefs… Nevertheless, the alchemy is a very feminine plant, with many virtues.
In the Middle Ages, this plant, also called “lion-foot” and “Coat of Our Lady”, was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The alchemy has long been credited with restoring virginity to those who had lost it. This belief diminished over time, but it still existed at the end of the 19th century in some campaigns.
Dedicated in particular to the Germanic deities of fertility, it was considered the herb of female evils. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Swiss herbalist priest, Konzle, also demonstrated the multiple actions of the alchemy, a true panacea for women: he used alchemy successfully against white losses, uterine pain and the problems associated with childbirth.
Widespread throughout Europe, alchemy grows especially in wet pastures and mountainous regions.
Its name actually comes from the Arabic “al kemelieh” which gave the term “alchemy”. The dew collected in the hollow of the leaves of the “Pink Gate” was called “heavenly water”.
She had a reputation for curing women’s infertility and even firming the tissues of the genitals, because of its astringent properties, for women who wanted to pass themselves off as virgins, hence her nickname “ladies’ coat”; for this purpose, alum (sulfate of Aluminium and Potassium, very astringent) or walnut leaves very rich in tannins such as those of alchemy could also be used.
In the translation of Dioscorides’ “De Materia Medica”, Andres de Laguna (1570) recommends two alchemy preparations:
- The root to treat internal and external injuries
- Aerial parts to treat fractures in babies and young children
How can we describe it botanically?
The alchemy is a perennial plant measuring 30 to 50 cm. The blackish root is woody and the stem is smooth and rowing. The leaves, mast green in colour, are petioles, cut at the base, cut into 7 to 11 lobes and saw tooth all around them. The flowers, greenish yellow, are small clusters in corymbs along the stem. They’re odorless. The dry fruit is rounded and shiny.
The aerial parts are the parts of the plant used in medicine.
What is it made of?
Alchemy consists mainly of tannins (6-8%), flavonoids (2%) and triterpenes.
What are its main pharmacological properties?
Alchemy has astringent, anti-diarrheal and luteinic properties, which clinically exhibit progestin effects with no identified active ingredients. It is an emmenagogue, hemostatic and anti-hemorrhagic plant.
Scarring and vulnerary, it stimulates the multiplication of epithelial cells and myofibroblasts.The tannins it contains are anti-mutagen.
Powerful anti-oxidant extracts of alchemy have properties of trapping superoxide anions.
In addition, there is hepatoprotective, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the production of NO and pro-inflammatory cytokines, as well as antibacterial activity (Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enteritidis).
A significant increase in thyroid hormone synthesis and growth of reserve follicles induced by cold exposure was reported.
What are the indications of the Alchema?
- Premenstrual syndrome
- Aphites and stomatites
- Acne flare-ups during menstruation (functional hyperandrogenism by progestin deficiency)
- Genital mycities and intestinal fungus associated with or not dismicrobial
- Premenstrual syndrome
- Diarrhea and gastroenteritis
- Pelvic atonia (organ descent)
What are the job precautions?
- Rare case of constipation related to alchemy astringency
- Counter-indicated in pregnant women
- Risk of “water retention” breast congestion, as well as cyclical interstitial distal edema that does not include the ankle
- Risk of worsening bleeding with filamentous periods
- To date, no known drug interaction
How to take it and at what dosage?
In mother dye:
- TM: 20 to 50 drops two to three times a day in the second part of the cycle
In masterful preparation:
Here is the dosage of Fluid Extracts of Fresh Plants Standardized in Glycere solution (EPS):
1 tst/day from the 7th day of the cycle to the 1st day of the following rules
1 ts per day for 3 months to renew depending on the clinic
1 tst/day from the 7th day of the cycle to the 1st day of the following period and 2 to 3 c/day during menstruation depending on the extent of the pain
1 to 2 càc/day for 3 months to renew depending on the clinic
1 tst/day from the 7th day of the cycle to the 1st day of the following period and 2 to 3 càc/day during the period depending on the extent of the bleeding
1 to 2 càc/day