AUBÉPINE (Crataegus monogyna and oxyacantha L.)
Where did she come from?
Hawthorn is considered the plant of the heart. Native to Europe, hawthorn is widespread in all temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Flowering luminaries, fruits and buds that are harvested in late spring are the parts used in medicine. It is common in hedgerows and woods throughout Europe, West Asia and North Africa. It is naturalized in North America. Drought and cold increase the rate of its phenolic derivatives.Restoring the properties of the hawthorn requires the completeness and integrity of the constituents of the fresh plant. Only a double water extraction, then alcohol extraction at different degrees of dilution, sheltered from air and light, will extract the components of the original plant.
It consists of short, sharp spines (oxus: acute, akanta: thorn). It was in its wood that the logs of the tortured were once cut.
How can we describe it botanically?
Hawthorn is a bushy and thorny shrub, 3 to 4 meters tall with leaves, bright green and lobed and whose light grey bark earns it the nickname of white thorn.
The flowers, fragrant, white or pink, are grouped in corymb. Fruits are drupes, red at maturity.
What is it made of?
Hawthorn consists mainly of procyanidolic oligomers, flavonoids, aromatic amines, triterpenic acids, phenol acids and sterols.
What are its main pharmacological properties?
Clinical studies have shown that hawthorn extracts are effective in the treatment of stage I and II heart failure.Hawthorn has a positive inotropic effect and negative chronotropic effect by decreasing in particular AMPc phosphodiesterase. Indeed, it increases the amplitude of isolated cardiomyocyte contractions with a moderate energy expenditure and the duration of the action potential by blocking the repolarization of the K-currents.
Hawthorn reduces lactate formation during ischemia in rats. It has been shown, in vivo, that hawthorn during prolonged ischemia significantly reduces the elevation of the ST segment (measured by an ECG) and suppresses the decrease in heart rate. It also decreases the incidence of tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation in a dose-dependent manner.
It exerts a sedative, anxiolytic action and decreases aggression. Indeed, its administration in hypertensive patients decreases anxiety. Hawthorn also lowers body temperature and thus prepares sleep.
What are the Hawthorn indications?
- Heart failure
- Circulatory deficiency
- Nervous state
- Coronary insufficiency
- Cardiac etastism (palpitation, tachycardia)
- Light Bradycardias
- Moderate high blood pressure linked to hyper-sympathicotonia
- Neurotonic states
- Minor sleep disorders
What are the job precautions?
- No known toxic effects to date
Are there risks of drug interactions?
Like all substances containing active ingredients, the risk of drug interactions should be taken into account.
As hawthorn is no exception to this rule, here is a list of drug interactions to consider:
- Dosages to be adapted if digitalin takes, anti-hypertensives and hypolipemics
How to take it and at what dosage?
In masterful preparation
Here is the dosage of Fluid Extracts of Fresh Plants Standardized in Glycere solution (EPS):
1 to 2 càc/day – for 3 months to renew depending on the clinic
1 to 3 càc/day for 15 days to renew depending on the clinic
1 càc 1 to 2 times per day
1 to 2 tbsp for 15 days to be renewed depending on the clinic
1 to 3 times per day during crisis or 1 to 2 càc/day during stress period
1 to 2 tbsp at bedtime
A little history:
Let’s not forget that hawthorn is the Wild Rose. She’s always been a lucky charm. It was offered to the newlyweds to ensure fertility and prosperity, and the Romans burned it to lighten and protect the newlyweds’ room.
On August 25, 1572, this plant became, in spite of itself, the sad motive for a great massacre. We are indeed the day after the great Massacre of St. Bartholomew, when suddenly a dead hawthorn is caught blooming again in the cemetery of the Innocents.