GATTILIER (Vitex Agnus Castus)
Where did he come from?
Any treatment for genital hormonal purposes requires a minimum of 3 months before any result due to the follicular maturation time of 90 days.The gattilier is a plant that modulates the secretion of prolactin and regulates gonadotropic functions. The restoration of the properties of the gattilier requires in particular the use of fresh fruit with extraction at low temperature (fragility of the idiosils), sheltered from the air and also from light.
Since ancient times, it has been first recognized for medicinal properties on endocrine regulation, which is also confirmed today by numerous scientific studies.
In the Iliad, he symbolized chastity, quoted by Dioscorides and Pliny.
Som Latin name (“agnus castus”, chaste lamb) evokes its anphrodisiac properties.
It was cultivated in particular near monasteries because the monks chewed the berries to avoid the temptations of the flesh.
In the Middle Ages, it was also used to “repress lust, make man chaste like a lamb, tighten the matrix and bring flowers” (menstruation).
This shrub, native to Greece and Italy, is widespread in the Mediterranean coastal regions as well as in Central Asia. The plant has therefore become very rare in France and wild feet are protected. Instead, flowering takes place between June and August. The fruit, on the other hand, is the part of the plant used in medicine.
How can we describe it botanically?
The gattilier is actually a peppery-smelling Mediterranean shrub with straight stems of up to 1.5m to 2m in height. The leaves consist of 5 leafy and dark green leaflets. The flowers are blue/purple, arranged in clusters at the terminal end of the stem. The fruits appear continuously and are slowly maturing.
What is it made of?
The gattilier consists mainly of flavonoids, idioids, labdane-ditrpenes and essential oil to cineole.
What are its main pharmacological properties?
According to the agency’s “plant-based medicines” notebook, the gattilier is traditionally used orally in painful periods and in symptomatic treatment of the neurotonic states of adults, especially in cases of minor sleep disorders.
Sliutz highlighted the action of the gattilier in vitro. Vitex agnus-castus actually acts in a similar way to dopamine. The decrease in the secretion of prolactin allows an extension of the lifespan of the yellow body and thus a regulation of the duration of the cycles.
The Milewizcz team secondly showed that the gattilier restored a normal luteal phase in women with latent hyperprolactinemia. A double-blind placebo study was conducted on 97 women, with an average age of 35 years, with premenstrual mastodynia. The treatment administered consisted of an extract containing gattilier. The study was conducted on 3 cycles during which women had to quantify the presence and intensity of their symptoms using a visual analog scale. One half of the panel receives the solution and the other half a placebo.
After 1 to 2 cycles of treatment, there was indeed a significant decrease in pain in treated women. Between the 2nd and 3rd cycle the improvement in pain is indeed even more clear in the treated group it concerned 71.4% of women. After the third cycle, we finally noticed a stabilization.
What are the Gattilier’s indications?
- Gynecological conditions by hyperfollicilinia
- Premenstrual syndrome
- Premenstrual depression
- Menstrual disorders
- Ovarian insufficiency
- Hot flash
- Vaginal Dryness
- Fibroids, hyperplasia of the uterine lining
- Cycle and phase abnormalities of the menstrual cycle with luteal inseven and latent hyperprolactinemia
- Inhibition of prolactin would explain the effect on breast tension and pelvic swelling
- Secondary ovarian insufficiency with the exception of prolactinoma and hypothyroidism
- Hot flashes, vaginal dryness
- Can be useful in restless leg syndrome
What are the job precautions?
- Under-indicated in pregnant or lactating women
- Under-indicated in women with a personal or family history of hormone-dependent cancers
- Contrainsited in case of hypersensitivity to active substances
- The most common side effects are nausea, headache, gastrointestinal disorders and menstrual disorders, acne, pruritus, rash erythematosus
Are there risks of drug interactions?
Like all substances containing active ingredients, the risk of drug interactions should be taken into account.
The gattilier is no exception to this rule, here is the list of drug interactions to consider:
- Risk of interaction with dopamine and estrogen antagonists
How to take it and at what dosage?
In mother dye:
- Mother dye 50 drops 2 to 3 times a day
In masterful preparation
Here is the dosage of Fluid Extracts of Fresh Plants Standardized in Glycere solution (EPS):
1 c. coffee morning and evening for 1 month, renewable 3 months, to dilute in a large glass of water
- Premenstrual syndrome with mastodynia – hypertrophy (breast, uterine): Gattilier 2/3 – Artichoke 1/3
- Premenstrual syndrome with metrorragia: Gattilier – Alcheme
- Fibroid, hyperplasia of the uterine lining: 2/3 Gattilier – 1/3 Root nettle
- Non-hemorrhagic congestive fibrome: Gattilier – Alchemy – Indian Brown