Herbal Medicine offers solutions to treat plants. Whether it is to sleep better or as a slimming asset, herbal medicine; That is to say all medicinal plants, makes it possible to remedy everyday problems in a natural way. It is a solution that is both alternative and complementary to the treatments of classical medicine, increasingly in vogue and whose effectiveness is increasingly recognized. Here is in this article the different ways to use medicinal plants: herbal teas, powders and herbal extracts, Mother tinctures… “Medicinal plants are used to treat” minor pathologies “. From a certain point of time, it is necessary to know how to pass the hand to a health professional, a doctor or a pharmacist, who can only diagnose and make a prescription with treatment with medications “-Olivier Escuder, researcher at the National Museum of Natural History
The most well-known preparation is probably the infusion: who never drank his chamomile tea before going to bed? An infusion is usually done with flowers and leaves of plants, but in some cases it is possible to also infuse roots and bark. The principle is simple: you pour boiling water on the plant (you have to count one teaspoon of plant per cup), and you let infuse between ten and twenty minutes. An infusion can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 48 hours. In principle, it is best not to sweeten the herbal teas. Since not all plants are also palatable, you can soften your herbal tea with a spoonful of honey.
The Decoction method is mainly applied to the underground parts of the plant, such as roots, and to barks, which are difficult to release their active ingredients during an infusion. Licorice, ginseng roots, or dandelion are frequently used in decoctions. This method consists of extracting the properties of the plants by letting them “brew” in water that you are carrying to boil. Count a tablespoon of plants per cup. You can chop or grind the plants, using a blender, or just a good old family coffee grinder! So you put the plants in a saucepan and then you cover them with cold water. Then carry to a boil, and let it simmer on the fire for about twenty minutes until the liquid has reduced by a third. Remove from heat, then infuse (and cool) for one hour before filtering. You can keep a decoction for three days in the refrigerator.
Maceration consists of soaking the medicinal plants in cold water for several hours. In terms of quantities, a teaspoon of plants should be provided for a cup of water, a tablespoon for a bowl, and three tablespoons for one litre. Plants can also macerate in alcohol, in glycerin, or in another solvent. A solvent is a liquid that retains the active ingredients of the plant. It is important to select the solvent according to the plant used.
Dyes essentially have two advantages: they can be preserved for three years, and the active ingredients they contain are quickly absorbed by the organism. The principle of dyeing is to capture the active ingredients of the plant by making it macerate, usually in alcohol. You can use ethyl alcohol sold in pharmacy, but you can also use vodka. The plants are therefore placed in alcohol at 60 degrees or in a mixture of alcohol and water for several weeks (between two and five). The product obtained is what is called the mother tincture. It is better to put dry plants in macerate, because some fresh plants can be toxic. Place the plants in a glass jar, and pour the alcohol (or alcohol-water mixture) on it. Close the jar and keep it in a cool place for a few weeks, shaking the jar from time to time. Then filter the mixture and pour it into a carafe before putting the liquid in small bottles that you will label. If the dye is more than three years old, it must be refiltered. Example of use: Count 200 grams of fresh herbs or 40 grams of dry herbs for one litre of water and alcohol mixture at 25 °. To obtain alcohol at 25 ° from vodka at 40 °, add 37, 5 cl of water to 60 cl of alcohol. You can also grind the plants in a solvent, counting five volumes of liquid solvent for the equivalent of a dry weight volume of plants. You put it all in a mixer, then you let the mixture got macerate for several weeks, taking care to stir it every day. The mixture must then be filtered, preferably stored in a tinted glass vial: Light may alter the active ingredients contained in the dye. You will place the vial away from light and heat.
Cold Oil Infusion
The technique of cold oil infusion is to fill a large glass jar of plants and then to cover them with oil. Directions for use: Count 250 grams of dried herbs or 500 grams of fresh herbs for 50 cl of pure vegetable oil (sweet almond, sunflower or grape seed oil). You close the jar and leave macerate for about fifteen days in a sunny place. Once this time has elapsed, you filter the oil by pouring it into a carafe. You then pour the liquid into dark glass bottles. Preferably choose small bottles: Once these are open, the oil will be damaged very quickly. Note: To obtain a higher content in active principles, you can repeat the same operation several times with the same oil, renewing the plants each time.
Hot oil Infusion
To make creams, ointments, or massage oils, you can brew the herbs in hot oil. Sunflower, sweet almond or safflower oils are recommended. Directions for use: Prepare a water bath, by placing a glass container on a saucepan of simmeringed waters. Pour the oil and plants in this container, with a proportion of 250 grams of dried herbs or 500 grams of fresh herbs for 50 cl of pure vegetable oil (sweet almond, sunflower or grape seed oil). Let “Cook” two hours on low heat before filtering in a carafe. Press the oil remaining in the filter and pour into dark glass bottles. You can keep them for three months in a cool place.
Ointments are very easy to prepare: they contain vegetable oil (e.g. sweet almond oil), beeswax and essential oils. The fatty bodies cover the skin with a thin protective layer. Directions for use: Count 25 grams of beeswax for 10 cl of vegetable oil and 20 to 30 drops of essential oils depending on your sensitivity. Prepare a bain-marie, and in a glass container, place the beeswax and vegetable oil. Bring the water to a boil and simmer until the wax is melted. At that point, you can remove the pan from the fire. Once the container is out of the fire, you turn the mixture with a wooden spoon as it cools and hardens. When it reaches this stage, pour in the essential oils, without ceasing to stir. You will then pour the final mixture into small tinted glass jars. You can keep them for several months.
The principle is the same as for the preparation of the ointment, since the same method and the same ingredients are used. The only difference is that water is added. Instructions for use: As with ointment, place 25 grams of beeswax and 10 cl of vegetable oil in a glass container that you heat to the water bath until the wax melts. Pour 2.5 cl of water into a glass container and heat it to the boiler as well. Then remove the two containers from the fire and gently pour the water over the oil-beeswax mixture. Do not stop stirring until the cream cools and becomes thicker. At this point, when it reaches a creamy consistency, you can gently add essential oils, continuing to stir. Pour the mixture into small, tinted glass jars, which you will close and label. Like ointment, cream can be stored for several months
To make a compress, one uses an infusion or a decoction of plants, in which one soaks a clean cloth which is then placed on the painful place. You can attach it using a towel or tape.
It is the same principle as for the compresses, unlike that these are the herbs that are directly used, not an infusion. The plants are coarsely chopped and then put to heat in a saucepan, covered with a little water. Let it simmer two to three minutes. Press the herbs and place them on the place to be treated. Cover with a strip or a piece of gauze. A poultice is kept for three or four hours, changing the herbs every hour if need be.
List of toxic plants
• (nausea, dizziness) • Arnica (internally: nausea, dizziness, death) • Belladonne (poisonous plant that causes pupil dilation and cardiac arrest) • Comfrey (toxic to the liver) • Datura (vomiting, hallucination, cardiac arrest) • Digital yellow (poisonous, slows down heart movements) • Digital purple (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, severe heart disease) • Ephedra (can cause palpitations, nervousness, insomnia) • Leafy • Germander (hepatic disorders) • Mistletoe (its berries are toxic) • Laurel-Pink (vomiting, pulse drop, death) • Lolébie (nausea, vomiting) • Pouliot mint (in essential oil or dye, never to be used internally) • Thrush (may cause cardiac arrest and Respiratory) • Mylnjanka (muscular paralysis) in summary, herbal medicine is the use that can be made of plants in various forms: herbal teas, capsules or tincture for preventive and curative treatment. More than 2500 years ago, Hippocrates, the father of medicine, was already bragging about the curative properties of herbs. Today, herbal medicine is an integral part of several traditional medicines, such as Chinese medicines, which very often use a variety of plants for the concoction of “potions”. -Caution Warning-the properties, indications and modes of use listed in this article do not in any way constitute a medical opinion. They come from works or websites specializing in aromatherapy. This information is given on an informative basis, and in no way will it be able to commit our responsibility. For any use of essential oils for therapeutic purposes, consult your doctor, pharmacist or aromatherapy professional.
1-http://www.herbes-medicinales.ca/maladies/utilisation-plantes.html 2-http://www.eyrolles.com/Chapitres/9782708135314/chap2_Nogaret.pdf 3-http://www.plante-sante.net/automedication-conseil/conseils_fiche.php? CodeRubrique = 11 & CodeService = 63 & ModeConseil = 5 & idtheme = 32 & idsoustheme = 107 & id = 366 4-http://www.sciencesetavenir.fr/sante/video-comment-utiliser-les-plantes-medicinales_30990 5-http://www.passeportsante.net/ Phytothérapie-se-cure-with-the-plants-l115