In order to provide the right care to your face, it is important to determine your skin type. Indeed, in a society where the appearance takes on an increasingly important place, having a beautiful skin has become a daily concern. In Parapharmacy, questions become recurring: Which day cream should I choose? What is the preferred face cleanser? What is my skin type? Discover in this article what are the main roles of the skin, factors influencing its quality, as well as the characteristics that allow to determine your type of skin: normal, dry, oily, mixed or dehydrated, in order to adopt a routine Care suitable for a glittering skin of beauty! For you to realize how important it is to pamper your skin by providing the right care, I found it interesting to give you a little reminder of its main actions on the organism.
Anatomical recall of the skin (integumentary system)
|Protects Deep tissue from:|
|Its physical barrier contains keratin, which gives the cells their resistance, and receptors of pressure and pain, which warn the nervous system of possible lesions.|
|Its keratinized cells are relatively waterproofing. They contain pain receptors, which warn the nervous system of possible lesions.|
|Its surface is continuous and it secretes a film of acidic liquid retarding the multiplication of bacteria; Its phagocytes ingest foreign substances and pathogens to prevent them from penetrating into the deepest tissues.|
|Melanin synthesized by melanocytes provides protection against lesions that can cause UV rays.|
|The skin contains receptors of hot, cold and pain.|
|It contains waterproofing substances: Glycolipids and Keratin|
|These substances are eliminated by perspiration-made sweat glands.|
|The modified cholesterol molecules of the skin are converted to vitamin D under the influence of the sun’s rays.|
Why some have oily skin, others dry skin?
Our skin type depends on the quality of our hydrolipidic film. Camp? The Hydrolipidic film is the protective barrier on the surface of our skin, a mixture of sweat and sebum forming our skin flora:
- Sebum prevents water from evaporating and helps to control pathogenic germs.
- In addition to regulating body heat, the sweat is responsible for the hydration of the skin and the balance of the skin flora.
Factors influencing the quality of our Hydrolipidic film:
- The Age
- Health care
- The climate
- The pollution
- Life Hygiene: diet, regular physical exercise
Characteristics of different skin types
Types of Skins
- Smooth and velvety appearance
- Fine Grain and tight pore
- does not shine
- Flexible, elastic and comfortable
This type of skin is unfortunately quite rare, if this is your case, you are very lucky!
- Tight Pores
- Rough Touch
- Tightness for lack of elasticity
- Sensitive and easily irritated
- possible redness or pityriasis
- itching See flaking
Dry skin translates into a lack of sebum. Low in lipids, the Hydrolipidic film on the surface of the skin becomes too permeable: poorly protected, the skin dehydrates easily.
- Enlarged Pores leading to blackheads
- blemishes and/or acne.
- Thick and dull Grain
Oily skin produces more sebum, impurities such as dust can easily settle down and remain glued to the face, a real douillé nest for bacteria and the appearance of pimples… The only advantage is that the hydrolipidic film of oily skins is rich in protective lipids, and is more resistant to time delaying the first signs of age. Note that oily skin still needs to be hydrated as well as another, favour at this time a matifying fluid care.
It is a mixture of two types of skin:
- Oily skin on the median area, or zone T: forehead, nose and chin, with glosses and blackheads
- A normal or dry skin on the rest of the face
Dehydrated skin is a skin that lacks water:
- The skin lacks flexibility, it is uncomfortable
- It is dull, without brightness
- Dehydration lines appear
Factors that can cause dehydration of the skin:-Sudden change in temperature-stress,-poor hygiene of life (lack of sleep and unbalanced diet)-cosmetics poorly adapted to the needs of dehydrated skins.
- Sensitive skin: Sensations of itching, tightness and redness.
- Visible signs of age: fine lines and wrinkles
- Loss of volume and loss of density.
- Dull complexion and pigment stains
The decrease in female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, creates a physical imbalance that affects the skin.
Tips for determining your skin type
Determining its skin type is not as easy as one might think. To make sure you’re not mistaken, you can go to a beautician or a dermatologist. They will make you a skin diagnosis and will give you all the facial care tips adapted to your type. You can also determine this by observing yourself in a mirror. Focus on clean skin and magnifying mirror for accuracy. There are some indicators that do not deceive. You need to look at whether your face has dilated pores, blackheads, drought patches and redness. You should also know if your complexion is dull or bright, if your skin is thin, thick, shower, rough or sticky. Is your skin comfortable? Do you feel tightness after cleaning your face? If you still have some doubts, you can do the handkerchief test:
- Clean your skin with a neutral pH treatment to respect the natural balance of the skin.
- Wait for 30 minutes, while the sebaceous glands reactivate.
- Put two strips of tissue paper on your face. The first from the forehead to the chin and the second from the right cheek to the left temple (a cross must be obtained).
- Press the tapes for 2-3 minutes before removing them.
- Watch the tapes.
How do I decrypt the resulting result? If on both strips there are many greasy traces, your skin is oily. If, on the other hand, none of the two strips have traces, your skin is dry. If only the strip from the forehead to the chin wears marks, your skin is mixed. Finally, if slight traces are perceptible, you have a so-called “normal” skin.