THE GREAT chamomiLE (Tanacetum Parthenium L.)
Where did she come from?
The large chamomile is part of the family of asteraceae, it is known since ancient times as a plant with multiple beneficial properties. It has always been used for its antipyretic properties as its English name “feverfew” suggests, as well as for diseases such as menstrual problems, digestive disorders, psoriasis… It is mainly used today for the prevention of migraine headaches.
Originally from the Balkans, it has been found today in Europe and North America. It accommodates all soils, even limestone, and grows mainly in gardens or along walls, and in damp rubble. In particular, flowering aerial parts of the plant are used with maximum parthenolide concentration at the time of flowering.
How can we describe it botanically?
The large chamomile is a perennial plant 50 to 70 cm high. The stems are actually branched and stiff. The leaves are also penned or bipenated and divided into several crenellated limb segments. The capitules, however, resemble those of a daisy with their yellow centre and white ligule crown. These capitules are indeed grouped into corymbs. The fruit is an akene topped by a short, crenellated crown.
What is it made of?
The large chamomile consists mainly of sesquiterpenic lactones, camphor essential oil and flavonoids.
What are its main pharmacological properties?
Large chamomile has an anti-migraine action by its action at the level of neuromediators (inhibition of serotonin release by platelets caused by IgE and also in vitro inhibition of histamine release by platelets), as well as by its action at the vascular level (dose inhibition and time-dependent, contraction of vascular smooth muscles: this action is due to the fixation of function and in vitro inhibition of nitrogen monoxide (NO) synthesis and inactivating a specific enzyme.
It also has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties by inhibiting the release of arachidonic acid and the expression of cyclooxygenase. There is also a protective action of vascular endothelial cells.
What are the indications of the Great Chamomile?
- Preventing migraine attacks
- Painful rules
- Cataenal Migraines
What are the job precautions?
- Contra-indicated in pregnant or lactating women (may be abortive)
- Caution on possible allergies to asteraceae
- All sesquiterperic lactones may be responsible for allergic dermatitis, (suspected cytotoxicity)
Are there risks of drug interactions?
However, as with all substances containing active ingredients, the risk of drug interactions should be taken into account.
Large chamomile poses a risk of interactions and should be avoided in combination with anticoagulants and platelet antiaggregants (risk of potentiation) and
potential interactions with warfarin.
How to take it and at what dosage?
– 2.5 to 5 grams of infusion
In masterful preparation:
Here is the dosage of Fluid Extracts of Fresh Plants Standardized in Glycere solution (EPS):
1 c. coffee morning and evening for 1 month, renewable 3 months, to dilute in a large glass of water
- Migraine Attack Prevention: Great Chamomile – Hawthorn
- Migraine and menopause or estrogen deficiency: Great Chamomile – Clareated Sage
- Migraine on anxious terrain: Great Chamomile (1/3) – Hawthorn (2/3)
- Prevention of migraine attacks with polymetabolic syndrome: Grande Chamomile – Olivier
- Prevention of catamenial migraines: Grande Chamomile – Alcheme