Organic farming was born of the initiative of agronomists, doctors, farmers and consumers who, in the 1920s, generated new currents of thought based on ethical and ecological principles, and initiated an alternative mode agricultural production favoring tillage, autonomy and respect for natural balances. As the 1970s approached, important sociological changes greatly influenced the development of organic farming. In 1981, the French government officially recognized organic farming. A National Commission is created, responsible for the organization and development of organic farming in France and the approval of specifications. Since the 1980s, organic labels have continued to develop, today there are no less than thirty organizations certifying organic labeling.
What is an organic label?
An organic label indicates that the product meets a set of criteria defined in a specification. certification is carried out by a private or public body. It guarantees:
- The absence of pesticides
- The almost non-existent presence of GMOs
- A strong majority of natural substance. A biological product is composed mainly (> 50%) of agricultural ingredients of which 95% must be from organic farming. Water and salt are not taken into account in the calculation of the percentage. The remaining 5% are agricultural ingredients listed in Annexes IX to Regulation (EC) No 889/2008. Components of non-agricultural origin are <50% and must be included in the list of authorized additives in Annex VIII to Regulation (EC) No 889/200. Note that some additives are marked with an asterisk because of agricultural origin and to be counted in the proportion of ingredients of agricultural origin.
- Quality materials that respect the environment
- A reasoned use of natural resources respecting the cycle of the seasons
- Respect for species and animals
- Reduced and reasoned use of chemicals by imposing a quantity of chemicals not to be exceeded.
- A thoughtful and reasoned production favoring recycling whether in the mode of production that in the chosen subjects.
- Quality research
- Special attention to the health, social and economic conditions of all workers
- An effort of transparency, especially on the traceability of products
What are the differences between organic labels?
Today, it is a European regulation that defines the specifications and the charter to be followed, which essentially relies on the fact of not using synthetic chemicals. In France, we mostly find the AB label which respects this charter For other labels, such as Nature & Progrès this charter is insufficient, “The official definition that has been retained is limited to a technical dimension that does not question industrialization bio, and its social and ecological implications, “states Nature & Progrès in the preamble of its charter. Focus on some labels: – AB label: means Organic Farming. It is certified by the control and certification body ECOCERT itself approved by the French Ministries of Agriculture and Fisheries, the Economy of Finance and Industry. it guarantees:
- The ban on chemical pesticides
- The ban on post-harvest chemical treatment
For farm animals:
- A diet without chemical pesticides and mostly composed of cereals. However, this food is not necessarily produced on the farm: it can come from other organic farms in the same region.
- A ban on traces of GMOs beyond the 0.9% allowed in case of accidental contamination.
- Limited use of veterinary treatments and medicines. For example, laying hens can receive a maximum of three antibiotic treatments per year, broilers only one.
- Animal welfare guaranteed by minimal space and access to the outdoors.
- The new regulation allows for mixed farming, ie the same farm can produce organic and non-organic products.
– Nature & Progrès Label: is an association of consumers, producing farmers and transforming artisans founded in 1964. Nature & Progrès manages the private certification body of the same name. The Nature & Progrès label is one of the labels with a strict charter, it goes beyond the European charter. It guarantees:
- Encouraging small farms
- A total conversion of the farm into organic
- A place of production far from any form of pollution taking into account the materials used for structures (concrete and metal structures are discouraged, local materials are encouraged)
- Promote renewable energies
- Strict control over animals raised with respect (small herd, dehorning forbidden, greater space in the open air, control over the medication of animals), with a 100% certified organic diet Nature & Progrès
- The total ban on the use of any chemical substances
- Limitation of the GMO rate to 0.1%
- Respect for seasonality
- Promote a course circuit
- Total transparency
– Label B.D.I.H: is a German federal association of commercial and industrial companies for medicines, dietary products, food supplements and body care created in 2001. It is the company that issues the “Controlled natural cosmetics” label whose specifications list 690 authorized components out of the 20,000 existing. To use the logo, the brand must have at least 60% of these products labeled B.D.I.H. the specifications are very precise and very strict. It guarantees:
- Vegetable raw materials from wild harvest certified Organic Farming
- The total ban of petroleum by-products (paraffin wax, mineral oil and wax …)
- The total ban of silicone as well as synthetic perfume and dyes
- The total ban on testing on animals
- Use of natural preservative or proven to be harmless and non-polluting
- The total ban on GMOs
- The respect of environment
- Total transparency
- 100% of the ingredients used are from natural origins
- A non-polluting transformation process
- Recycled and / or recyclable packaging
- The materials are fair trade and responsible
- Respect for the environment and biodiversity
There is also another label Cosmebio Eco, which is less demanding than this one. – The Natrue label: sets high standards for defining the naturalness of cosmetic products. the Natrue Label on a packaging, certifies that the product meets a strict standard, but also that it has been subjected to a reliable certification process, carried out by independent certification bodies. These are themselves subject to a rigorous accreditation process by Natrue’s partner, IOAS. To have the label, it is necessary that 75% of the products of the mark are certified “natural cosmetic”, “natural cosmetic – partly organic” or “organic cosmetic”. It guarantees:
- 100% of the raw materials used are natural, organic and unmodified
- The transformed substances are always obtained from natural substances.
- Natural surfactants
- Total ban on petroleum by-products
- Respect for the environment of biodiversity and sustainable development
- The ban on silicones
- The use of natural fragrances
Why focus on your health products with a BIO label?
Whether for your food, your cosmetics, or for your health products, consume BIO is the guarantee to use products formulated mainly with natural raw materials or original natural, mainly from organic farming, rich vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids … The BIO label offers the assurance of a production method that preserves the environment. the ingredients used come from an agriculture that excludes any use of pesticides, GMOs (although some labels accept a rate of up to 0.9%), weedkillers, chemical fertilizers … Organic cosmetics use simple and non-polluting transformation processes such as maceration, cold pressing, etc. The packaging used is fully biodegradable and only ingredients from animal production that have no impact on the health of the animal are allowed (such as honey). Consume organic products, goes well beyond the health aspect, it is a citizen act. It is to adopt a responsible consumption and beneficial for the planet as for our health. It is a commitment to support environmentally friendly agriculture, without chemicals that poison us, it is a commitment to respect and protect animals, which are unfortunately often abused and relegated as a simple “thing “consumable and not as living things that are part of our environment and our balance.
1- http://www.natureetprogres.org/charte.pdf 2- http://www.biopreferences.com/labels/ 3- http://www.kontrollierte-naturkosmetik.de/f/index_e.htm 4- http://www.cosmebio.org/en/charte-cosmebio.php 5- http://www.natrue.org/fileadmin/natrue/downloads/Criteria_2.8/NATRUE-Label_Requirements_V2-8_EN.pdf 6- https: //reporterre.net/Il-y-a-bio-et-bio-Voici-comment-s