Rosemary essential oil with cineole, sacred plant of the gods

Rosemary essential oil with cineole, sacred plant of the gods

In ancient Greece, rosemary branches were burned as an offering to the gods. In Athens as in Rome, rosemary was a sacred plant. The famous poet Horace (65-8 BC) also dedicated several verses to him.

A little history

Rosemary was an integral part of the recipe for “Vinegar of the Four Thieves”; a germicidal maceration used in particular to prevent the Great Plague , and was preserved for a long time in the form of a monograph in the Pharmacopoeia. It also entered into the formulation of the “Oppodeldoch” of Paracelsus to fight against all types of rheumatic pains , as well as gout .

Since the 16th century, “ Queen of Hungary Water ” (rosemary alcoholisate mixed with other medicinal plants) has been used as an “elixir of youth”. In 1378, aged 72, suffering from gout and paralysis, she received from a monastery the formula for this elixir, which miraculously restored her vitality, freshness and beauty… and subsequently married the King of Poland , despite his great age.

What are the pharmacological properties of Rosemary essential oil and Cineole?

Antimicrobial effect:

Antibacterial action has been demonstrated against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus and Escherichia coli . An antifungal action has been demonstrated against Candida albicans and dermatophytes, as well as an antiviral action against the herpes virus.

Expectorant effect:

Anticatarrhal and expectorant , rosemary is also mucolytic .

Stimulating effect:

Rosemary and cineole essential oil stimulates the central nervous system and thus increases respiratory amplitude.

Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects:

Specific to pulmonary and respiratory conditions of infectious or inflammatory types, the essential oil of rosemary and cineole is in fact cortison-like but also an excellent external analgesic .

Rubefacient effect:

This effect is in fact linked to vasodilation of the peripheral vessels.

Other effects:

  • Muscle tonic and circulatory tonic (venous and arterial)
  • brain tonic
  • revulsive
  • Thinner on bronchial secretions

Does Rosemary and Cineole essential oil require any precautions for use?

  • Risk of high dose neurotoxicity (may induce convulsions, nausea and vomiting)
  • Contraindicated in people with epilepsy or a history of seizures
  • Mid-dose hypertension
  • Do not diffuse, inhale or put in bath water
  • Do not swallow !
  • Prohibited for internal use
  • Cutaneous use alone recommended
  • Contraindicated in pregnant (abortive) or breastfeeding women
  • Avoid in combination with cortisone , risk of drug interaction
  • Do not use over a prolonged period, at the risk of resting the pituitary-adrenal axis and suffering acute adrenal insufficiency when stopping the essential oil
  • Avoid applying the essential oil in the evening (or before any rest period)
  • Not recommended for people with osteoporosis , due to inherent risk of decalcification
  • Dermocaustic; revulsive action on the skin in its pure state and aggressive for the mucous membranes (redness, irritation, pruritus), dilution required
  • Enzyme inhibitor, risk of drug interactions, ask your pharmacist for advice
  • Contraindicated in asthmatics
  • Reserved for adults
  • Caution in people with autoimmune diseases, the elderly or with Parkinson’s, as well as neurosensitive people
  • Drug interactions with essential oils containing more than 10% sesquiterpenes


Medical bibliographic sources and clinical trials :


Clementine. M.
Writer of scientific articles
Naturopath – Aromatherapist / Herbalist – Phytotherapist
Consultant in clinical phyto-aromatherapy and Ethnomedecine

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