How do I recognize my skin type in order to take care of it?

In order to provide the right care for your face, it is essential to determine your skin type . Indeed, in a society where discomfort takes an increasingly important place, having beautiful skin has become a daily concern. In drugstore, questions are recurring: Which day cream should I choose? Which facial cleanser should I favor? What is my skin type?

Discover in this article what are the main roles, the factors influencing its quality , as well as the characteristics that determine your skin type : normal, dry, oily, combination or dehydrated, in order to adopt a skincare routine adapted to your skin . skin sparkling with beauty!

Anatomical reminder (integumentary system)

Its functions:



Protects deep tissue against:
  • Mechanical injuries (blows)

Its physical barrier contains keratin, which gives cells their resistance, and pressure and pain receptors, which alert the nervous system to possible damage.
  • Chemical lesions (acids and base)
Its keratinized cells are relatively waterproof. They contain pain receptors, which alert the nervous system to possible damage.
  • Biological lesions
Its surface is continuous and it creates a film of acidic liquid delaying the multiplication of bacteria; its phagocytes ingest foreign substances and pathogens to prevent them from entering the deepest tissues.
  • UV rays (harmful effects of the sun)
The melanin synthesized by melanocytes provides protection against damage that can be caused by UV rays.
  • Drying out
It contains waterproofing substances: glycolipids and keratin
  • Heat loss
  • Body heat retention
  • The body eliminates heat by stimulating the sweat glands and allowing blood to flow to the dermal blood vessels
  • The body retains heat by not allowing blood to flow to the dermal blood vessels.
  • Urea and uric acid
These substances are eliminated by the sweat produced by the sweat glands.
  • Synthesizes vitamin A
Modified cholesterol molecules in the dermis are converted into vitamin D under the effect of sunlight.

Why do some people have oily skin, others dry skin?

Our skin type depends on the quality of our hydrolipidic film .


The hydrolipidic film is the protective barrier on the surface; a mixture of sweat and sebum forming our skin flora:

  • Sebum prevents water from evaporating and helps fight pathogenic germs.
  • In addition to regulating body heat, sweat is responsible for skin hydration and skin balance.

Factors influencing the quality of our hydrolipidic film :

  • Age
  • Health
  • Weather
  • Pollution
  • Physical

Characteristics of different skin types

Skin types


  • Smooth and velvety appearance
  • Fine grain and tight pores
  • Don’t shine
  • Soft, elastic and comfortable

This type of skin is unfortunately quite rare, if this is your case, you are in luck!

  • Tight pores
  • Coarse touch
  • Tightness due to lack of elasticity
  • Sensitive and easily irritated
  • Possible redness or sore skin
  • Itching or peeling

Skin dryness reflects a lack of sebum . Poor in lipids, the hydrolipidic film becomes too permeable: poorly protected, it is easily dehydrated.

Oily skin produces more sebum, impurities such as dust can easily settle and remain stuck on the face, a real nest for bacteria and the appearance of pimples …

The only advantage is that the hydrolipidic film of oily skin is rich in protective lipids, and is more resistant to time, thus delaying the first signs of aging.

Note that oily skin still needs to be hydrated just as much as any other, so opt for a mattifying fluid treatment .

It is a mixture of two types of skin: 

  • Oily on the middle zone, or T zone: the forehead, nose and chin, with shine and blackheads
  • Normal or dry on the rest of the face
Dehydrated skin is skin that lacks water: 

  • The skin lacks suppleness, it is uncomfortable
  • She is dull, dull
  • Fine lines from dehydration appear

Factors that can be the cause of dehydration of the skin:

– Temperature change

– The stress,

– A poor lifestyle (lack of sleep and unbalanced diet)

– Cosmetics ill-suited to the needs of dehydrated skin.

  • Sensations of itching, tightness and redness.
  • Visible signs of aging: fine lines and wrinkles
  • Loss of volume and loss of density.
  • Dull complexion and pigment spots

The drop in female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, creates a physical imbalance that affects the skin.

Tips for determining your skin type

Determining your skin type is not as easy as you might think. To make no mistake, you can go to a beautician or a dermatologist. They will make a skin diagnosis and give you all the facial care advice adapted to your type.

You can also tell by looking at yourself in a mirror. Opt for a magnifying mirror for more precision. There are certain indicators that are not mistaken.

You need to look to see if your face has large pores, blackheads, patches of dryness, and redness.

You should also know if your complexion is dull or bright, if your skin is thin, thick, soft, rough or sticky.

Is your skin comfortable? Do you feel tight after cleaning your face?

If you still have some doubts, you can take the tissue test:

  • Cleanse your skin with a neutral pH treatment to respect the natural balance of your dermal flora.
  • Wait for 30 minutes
  • Lay two strips of tissue paper over your face. The first going from the forehead to the chin and the second from the right cheek to the left temple
  • Press the strips for 2-3 minutes before removing them and see if any greasy deposit is visible or not




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