After the 30th birthday, fine lines and wrinkles are emerging. Wrinkles are a biological manifestation of skin aging, they are one of the first visible signs of skin aging. They are housed mainly on the face, neck and décolleté (for women).
The different wrinkles and fine lines:
- Fine lines and wrinkles from dehydration or dryness:
They are due to poor hydration of the skin. They disappear once the skin is properly cared for, with appropriate face care.
- The expression lines located on the forehead, between the eyebrows, at the level of the nasolabial folds and the corners of the lips:
These are weakening folds associated with sagging skin, loss of tone and firmness of the skin. They are responsible for the alteration of the contours of the face, bags under the eyes, jowls and double chin.
What are the mechanisms behind wrinkles?
These are three in number at the origin of its appearance:
- The action of the muscles:
At all times, the skin is stressed by the movements of the underlying muscles. These micro-contractures promote the formation of lines between which the skin tightens, stretches and finally wrinkles to form wrinkles.
- Modification of the constituents of the dermis:
Intrinsic and photo-induced aging promote flattening of the junction between the dermis and the epidermis.
- The modification of the relief of the skin:
With age, the lines that put tension on the skin weaken and deepen slowly. This phenomenon accelerates after 60 years.
Some beauty tips to fight against the first wrinkles:
An antioxidant substance is an agent whose intervention prevents oxidation, that is to say the action of oxygen in the air or the action of free radicals such as Vitamin E (a protective agent of membrane structures of cells, exposed to free radicals).
Drinking Rooibos herbal teas helps to delay skin aging. Rooibos is low in tannins and completely devoid of theine, its concentration of antioxidants is also very high.
- Facial massages:
You pinch your cheeks lightly between your thumbs and forefinger and turn once in one direction, once in the other, this helps to reactivate blood circulation and tone the face. We do it on the top and bottom of the cheeks, front and back every night.
To reduce frown lines, place your fingertips in the middle of the forehead and slide them towards the temples, gradually spreading the fingers apart. Repeat 10 times.
Over time, fine lines appear in the mouth, mainly on the upper lip. To reduce them or never see them appear, firmly pinch the contours of the mouth between his thumb and index finger, perpendicular to the small fine lines. This will blur vertical wrinkles.
Massaging the eye area is essential because this fragile region easily marks when you are tired. Massage in the shape of circles. Place your index and middle fingers at the inner tip of the eyebrows. Then slide your fingers outwards following the eyebrows, then go down, follow the bone to make a circle and then go up.
- Masks, scrubs and peels:
As a consequence of skin aging, wrinkles are also caused by the sun, stress and heredity. Even if they are inevitable, certain daily actions make it possible to slow down and limit their appearance.
The first beauty gesture to adopt every day is hydration. This is done morning and evening after washing your face. Another important ritual to combat the effects of aging and wrinkles is to regularly apply a mask to the face but also to the décolleté.
The basis of beautiful skin is cleansing! Every morning and every evening, it is advisable to remove impurities and / or make-up using a tonic lotion, micellar water or make-up remover, before applying your cream.
For even more thorough cleansing, scrub your face and whole body at least once a week. The scrub helps remove dead cells and also promotes absorption of the skincare products you use.
Also think about peeling! The peel will loosen dead skin cells and erase fine lines, spots and irregularities while smoothing the eye area, refining features and plumping the cheekbones. Your skin will peel and reveal all of its new radiance.
- To drink a lot of water :
Normally, water is captured in the body by skin cells that act like sponges, attracting and holding water. The waterlogged cells will multiply and form a dense structure that maintains the different elements of the skin (collagen fibers, elastin and other cells).
The water will then continuously diffuse to the surface of the skin, where it will try to evaporate. But on the surface of the skin, there are also lipids (fats) which will retain water to form a protective film, an essential barrier to face external aggressions.
To counter the natural aging of the skin and dehydration linked to environmental factors, it is essential to drink a lot.
- Facial gymnastics:
Facial gymnastics consists of doing several small exercises where you will contract and / or relax certain muscles of the face, for an anti-aging effect.
- Protect yourself from the sun:
Prolonged exposure to the sun is harmful to the skin. In addition to increasing the risk of developing skin cancer, UV rays accelerate skin aging.
Premature skin aging is indeed the first chronic effect of excessive sun exposure. It manifests itself 10 or 20 years after irradiation.
Ultraviolet rays work on skin cells and break down DNA chains which are constantly corrected by repair enzymes. If this mechanism is overwhelmed, in the event of prolonged exposure, the cells of the basal layer, which ensure skin renewal, are affected. Their production of melanin, collagen and elastin decreases.
Dry skin, more pronounced wrinkles, loss of elasticity, pigmentation (solar lentigo), dehydration, etc. are all signs of aging.
To protect your skin, it is therefore important to apply sunscreen because it protects your skin from UV rays and thus prevents sunburn. It limits the risk of skin cancer and minimizes skin aging by protecting the skin from UVA rays. Choose a sun protection factor adapted to your phototype (minimum 30) and do not forget to reapply it regularly, that is to say every 2 hours or after each swim or sports activity.
- Vitamin C:
Ascorbic acid is an antioxidant that has positive effects in the fight against aging. It also plays a role in the formation of collagen.
Medicinal plants and wrinkles:
These oils are topical skin regenerators indicated to help reduce fine lines and wrinkles.
This oil is used in the prevention of wrinkles. Evening primrose oil contains polyphenols which are antioxidants.
Cistus is used in preparations against skin aging, wrinkles and stretch marks because of its astringent and skin tonic properties.
Widely used in dermatology and cosmetics, this oil is good for the skin, emollient, and moisturizing (vitamins A and E) for skin exposed to the sun (sunburn); mixed with evening primrose oil, it slows down skin aging mixed with clay. Apricot kernel oil revives skin tone, erases wrinkles and softens dry skin.
This hydrosol is a regenerating and anti-aging agent for all skin types. Antioxidant, it fights free radicals and allows a real plant lifting.